RAD Impact

Did you know? By the end of 2019, the local 1% sales tax, paid by residents of and visitors to Allegheny County, is expected to have resulted in a cumulative more than $3.9 billion investment in the region’s: Public Libraries Parks and Trails Sports and Civic Facilities Arts and Culture Organizations Major Regional Facilities Transit Local Municipal Services Such as Police and Roads

Pittsburgh Cultural Trust and August Wilson Center

Substantial Investment in the Region’s Quality of Life

By the end of 2019, the local 1% sales tax, paid by residents of and visitors to Allegheny County, is expected to have resulted in a more than $3.9 billion investment in the region’s public libraries and parks, museums, cultural organizations, major regional facilities, transit, and local municipal services such as police and roads.

The impact of the $3.9 billion investment in the region is substantial.

RAD Grants

Sustained and Enhanced Assets

District grants have clearly met Act 77’s goals of sustaining and enhancing the regional assets.

Libraries have received 31% of the grant funding, parks 29%, sports and civic facilities 19%, arts and culture 10%, regional facilities (Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium, Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens, National Aviary) 9%, and transit (less than one percent).  Overall, 60% of District funds have gone to places that are free to the public.

The hallmark of district grants is unrestricted operating funds.  RAD operating grants to assets can be used for all of the basics, like staff, utilities and maintenance.  Since 1995, the District has also awarded $93.7 million in capital grants for projects like accessibility, critical infrastructure and equipment. RAD funds also have made possible special collaborations among assets that have contributed to budget savings and audience development.

The funding program is diverse and has included more than 160 different assets located throughout the county.  Demographic reports show that users of regional assets come from all over the county and region.

See a full listing of RAD grants since 1995.


Carnegie Library. © Carnegie Library Volunteer

By many standards - programs, materials, leveraged financing, attendance, circulation - libraries are in significantly better condition today than in 1994.  Because of cooperation between RAD, the Allegheny County Library Association, and the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, a patron, remarkably, needs only one library card to use in any library in Allegheny County.  Geographical and virtual boundaries are now non-existent when it comes to library services. Since RAD, support for libraries county-wide has increased by 70%, exceeding the growth in sales tax revenue during that time.

  • By the end of 2019, libraries will have received nearly $626 million in District funds.
  • $160 million has been allocated for suburban libraries – funding that simply did not exist prior to 1995. In 2019 alone, RAD provided more than $6 million in grants to 45 suburban libraries.
  • In addition, the District has invested $57.4 million in grants for the electronic information network (eiN) which links all member libraries and Bookmobiles, and provides a shared catalogue, databases and other electronic communication on-line.  Some 2,200 personal computers have been linked at over 75 sites. 
  • Carnegie Library’s $14 million RAD-backed bond issue jump-started a now $64 million capital improvement plan. The RAD Board extended the District’s commitment to CLP to make possible the bond issue.
  • Capital improvements throughout the county include accessibility projects like elevators, automated entrance doors and ramps, HVAC system improvements, roof repairs, exterior renovations and building expansions.
  • Libraries have eliminated non-resident card fees.
  • More than 20 libraries have expanded, or opened new branches or facilities.


Highland Park. © Julie Goetz/RAD

By the end of 2019, parks and trails will have received $582.3 million in funds, or 29% of RAD grants.

District funds support 15,267 acres that include a mixture of natural settings, picnic areas, recreational facilities and fields.  Five of the City of Pittsburgh’s parks qualify as regional parks under the District Act. Allegheny County operates nine regional parks, and the City of McKeesport operates Renziehausen Park.  Upper St. Clair Twp operates the Boyce-Mayview Regional Park, and Avonworth Municipal Authority operates Avonworth Community Park.  The District also funds trails through the Allegheny Land Trust which represents eight incorporated nonprofit organizations and several municipalities that sponsor individual trails.  

The trails provide no-cost scenic recreational opportunities through the County.  RAD funds have created or improved more than 91 miles of trails since 1995. In 2019, RAD capital project funds will be on the Montour Trail for restorations of a three-mile section in South Park Township and Jefferson Hills Borough ($50,000), and Steel Valley Trail paving ($57,000).


Capital improvement projects at the regional parks over RAD's history have included: sidewalks, wall and step repairs, playground safety improvements, accessible bathrooms and park shelters, improved bathrooms throughout the park system, lake dredging, paving, shelter rood replacement, electrical distribution system upgrades, landscaping renovations, and tennis court rehabilitation.

Regional Facilities

Phipps Conservatory. © Julie Goetz/RAD

The Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG AquariumPhipps Conservatory, and National Aviary comprise the regional facilities category of RAD funding. By the end of 2019, regional facilities have received nearly $181.7 million funds, or 9% of total grants.

Since RAD's inception, the  Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium, the National Aviary, and Phipps Conservatory have been able to privatize and as a result have seen significant growth.  In addition to annual operating grants, RAD has provided significant capital grants to improve these facilities. In 2019, RAD has approved a total of $835,000 to make improvements to the offices at the National Aviary, glass resoration at Phipps Conservatory, and several projects at the  Pittsburgh Zoo, including the sea lion exhibit and ADA compliant doors.


Sports and Civic Facilities

Heinz Field. © Pittsburgh Cultural Trust

Grants support debt service on a $176 million bond issue that provides local public funds for the construction of PNC Park and Heinz Field. Since 1995, sports and civic facilities, including the Convention Center,  have received 18.5% of RAD grants, or about $367 million.  The David L. Lawrence Convention Center received $5.7 million in operating and capital support from 2007-2010, and continues to receive support through the Regional Destination Financing Plan bond issue. RAD contributed to the retirement of the debt on the old arena as part of the new arena project, and for 2019 approved an operating grant of $800,000 to the Sports & Exhibition Authority for capital improvements at the four publicly-owned sports and civic facilities.. 

Public benefits from District involvement include:

  • Establishment of a fixed cost for public involvement that is geared toward capital costs.  This strategy removes taxpayers from any obligations to pay for the operating costs of the stadiums (costs that fluctuate).
  • Shifted the public finance burden to a broader market of people who attend and enjoys sporting and other events. Prior to 1995, public financing of Three Rivers Stadium was shouldered exclusively by City of Pittsburgh taxpayers. 
  • Leveraged funds from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (one-third of the total project cost).
  • Helped preserve a long-term commitment of the valuable sports franchises.

Arts & Culture

Frick Art Center. © John Altdorfer

On a per capita basis, the District is one of the most important local public funders of arts and culture in the country.

  • By the end of 2019, arts and culture organizations will have received $205.5 million in funds, or 10% of total grants.
  • District grants increased from $3.4 million in 1995, to $14 million in 2019, a 312% increase.
  • Soldiers & Sailors Memorial Hall and Military Museum became an independent, non-profit organization in 2000.
  • In 2019, RAD will provide $1.7 million in capital grants at arts and culture organizations for a wide variety of projects: a freight elevator and accessible restroom at the Warhol; safety features in the Andrew Carnegie Music Hall; accessibility upgrades at the Children's Museum's Museumlab entrance; energy-efficient windows at the Sen. John Heinz History Center; safety and security upgrades at the New Hazlett Theater; building repairs and improvements at the Pittsburgh Center for the Arts; computer integration at SLB Radio Productions; and capital funding to the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy for an ADA accessible garden.
  • Capital improvements in the past have included: accessibility projects, fire safety system improvements, building repairs, stage lighting systems, computer systems, sound systems, film editing systems, construction of Freedom Corner Monument; new exhibit space at Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania; seat replacement at the Pittsburgh Filmmakers Regent Square Theater; office equipment; a building security system; recording studio equipment; acoustic shells; glass-making equipment; translation system; computer box office system; roof repair and upgrading of exhibits.


Transit became a RAD-funded category for the first time in 2013 with a $3 million grant to the Port Authority of Allegheny County. To date, RAD has provided $21 million in support of transit, overall less than 1% of total grants. This grant has leveraged $120 million in additional state funding over seven years, and helped each year to get 62 million riders to work as well as to cultural and recreational facilities and events. 


The District has maximized grants by minimizing administrative costs which total about 0.7% of tax revenues, less than the one-percent allowed by law.

Accountability is stressed through independent audits, public access to meetings and records, and staff and Board site visits totaling more than 1600 in the past 13 years.